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How to: Author middleware components

Learn how to develop middleware components

Dapr allows custom processing pipelines to be defined by chaining a series of middleware components. In this guide, you’ll learn how to create a middleware component. To learn how to configure an existing middleware component, see Configure middleware components

Writing a custom HTTP middleware

HTTP middlewares in Dapr wrap standard Go net/http handler functions.

Your middleware needs to implement a middleware interface, which defines a GetHandler method that returns a http.Handler callback and an error:

type Middleware interface {
  GetHandler(metadata middleware.Metadata) (func(next http.Handler) http.Handler, error)

The handler receives a next callback that should be invoked to continue processing the request.

Your handler implementation can include an inbound logic, outbound logic, or both:

func (m *customMiddleware) GetHandler(metadata middleware.Metadata) (func(next http.Handler) http.Handler, error) {
  var err error
  return func(next http.Handler) http.Handler {
    return http.HandlerFunc(func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
      // Inbound logic
      // ...

      // Call the next handler
      next.ServeHTTP(w, r)

      // Outbound logic
      // ...
  }, err