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Detailed information on the MongoDB state store component

Component format

To setup MongoDB state store create a component of type state.mongodb. See this guide on how to create and apply a state store configuration.

kind: Component
  name: <NAME>
  type: state.mongodb
  version: v1
  - name: server
    value: <REPLACE-WITH-SERVER> # Required unless "host" field is set . Example: ""
  - name: host
    value: <REPLACE-WITH-HOST> # Required unless "server" field is set . Example: "mongo-mongodb.default.svc.cluster.local:27017"
  - name: username
    value: <REPLACE-WITH-USERNAME> # Optional. Example: "admin"
  - name: password
    value: <REPLACE-WITH-PASSWORD> # Optional.
  - name: databaseName
    value: <REPLACE-WITH-DATABASE-NAME> # Optional. default: "daprStore"
  - name: collectionName
    value: <REPLACE-WITH-COLLECTION-NAME> # Optional. default: "daprCollection"
  - name: writeConcern
    value: <REPLACE-WITH-WRITE-CONCERN> # Optional.
  - name: readConcern
    value: <REPLACE-WITH-READ-CONCERN> # Optional.
  - name: operationTimeout
    value: <REPLACE-WITH-OPERATION-TIMEOUT> # Optional. default: "5s"
  - name: params
    value: <REPLACE-WITH-ADDITIONAL-PARAMETERS> # Optional. Example: "?authSource=daprStore&ssl=true"

If you wish to use MongoDB as an actor store, append the following to the yaml.

  - name: actorStateStore
    value: "true"

Spec metadata fields

Field Required Details Example
server Y* The server to connect to, when using DNS SRV record ""
host Y* The host to connect to "mongo-mongodb.default.svc.cluster.local:27017"
username N The username of the user to connect with (applicable in conjunction with host) "admin"
password N The password of the user (applicable in conjunction with host) "password"
databaseName N The name of the database to use. Defaults to "daprStore" "daprStore"
collectionName N The name of the collection to use. Defaults to "daprCollection" "daprCollection"
writeConcern N The write concern to use "majority"
readConcern N The read concern to use "majority", "local","available", "linearizable", "snapshot"
operationTimeout N The timeout for the operation. Defaults to "5s" "5s"
params N** Additional parameters to use "?authSource=daprStore&ssl=true"

[*] The server and host fields are mutually exclusive. If neither or both are set, Dapr will return an error.

[**] The params field accepts a query string that specifies connection specific options as <name>=<value> pairs, separated by "&" and prefixed with "?". e.g. to use “daprStore” db as authentication database and enabling SSL/TLS in connection, specify params as "?authSource=daprStore&ssl=true". See the mongodb manual for the list of available options and their use cases.

Setup MongoDB

You can run MongoDB locally using Docker:

docker run --name some-mongo -d mongo

You can then interact with the server using localhost:27017.

If you do not specify a databaseName value in your component definition, make sure to create a database named daprStore.

The easiest way to install MongoDB on Kubernetes is by using the Helm chart:

helm install mongo stable/mongodb

This installs MongoDB into the default namespace. To interact with MongoDB, find the service with: kubectl get svc mongo-mongodb.

For example, if installing using the example above, the MongoDB host address would be:


Follow the on-screen instructions to get the root password for MongoDB. The username is admin by default.

TTLs and cleanups

This state store supports Time-To-Live (TTL) for records stored with Dapr. When storing data using Dapr, you can set the ttlInSeconds metadata property to indicate when the data should be considered “expired”.